FORMAT AND ARRANGEMENT

headlines

5.0 BACK MATTER  

5.1General

Cite all ideas, concepts, text, data that are not your own. All references cited in the text must be listed in the “Cited References” section.

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5.2Cited Literature/Bibliography

(comprehensive list of data sources)

  • author’s name(s)
  • date of publication
  • publication title (journals and books)
  • article title (journals)
  • publisher information
  • pages (if part of a publication)

Be sure to use hanging indentation: 1st line flush left with the margin,
subsequent lines also indented.(see 6.17.2)

Buckley, R. 2003. Environmental Inputs and Outputs in Ecotourism: Geotourism with a Positive Triple Bottom Line? Journal of Ecotourism, 2 (1): 76-82.

  • The Cited References section must be an integrated list, not a series of lists. References without an author should be alphabetized by the title of the reference; “A/An/The” are ignored when alphabetizing such entries.
  • Do not split entries over two pages. If an entire entry does not fit on one page, place the entire entry on the next page.
  • Single-space within the entry, and doublespace between entries.

5.2.1 JOURNALS

Example 1:JOURNAL, 1 author

Weeden, C. 2011. Responsible tourist motivation: how valuable is the Schwartz value survey? Journal of Ecotourism, 10 (3): 214-234.

  • ① Author’s last name [ , ] [ space ] Author’s first name initial [ . ] + middle name(s) initial(s) [ . ] [ space ]
  • ② year of publication [ . ] [ space ]
  • ③ title of article [ . ] [ space ]
  • ④ title of journal in italics [ , ] [ space ]
  • ⑤ volume number [ space ]
  • ⑥ issue number in parentheses [ ( # ) ] [ : ] [ space ]
  • ⑦ page numbers [ . ] *Avoid abbreviating page numbers.
unacceptable preferred

91-9
214-34
1930-36

91-99  
214-234  
1930-1936  

Be sure to use hanging indentation: 1st line flush left with the margin, subsequent lines also indented.(see 6.17.2)

Example 2:JOURNAL, 2 authors

Nowaczek, A., and Smale, B. 2010. Exploring the predisposition of travelers to qualify as ecotourists: the Ecotourist Predispositiion Scale. Journal of Ecotourism, 9 (1): 45-61.

  • ① 1st Author’s last name [ , ] [ space ] 1st Author’s first name initial [ . ] + middle name(s) initial(s) [ . ] [ , ] [ space ] and 2nd Author’s last name [ , ] [ space ] 2nd Author’s first name initial [ . ] [ space ] + middle name initial [ . ] [ space ]
  • ② year of publication [ . ] [ space ]
  • ③ title of article [ . ] [ space ]
  • ④ title of journal in italics [ , ] [ space ]
  • ⑤ volume number [ space ]
  • ⑥ issue number in parentheses [ ( # ) ] [ : ] [ space ]
  • ⑦ page numbers [ . ] *Avoid abbreviating page numbers.
unacceptable preferred
91-9
214-34
1930-36
91-99  
214-234  
1930-1936  

Be sure to use hanging indentation: 1st line flush left with the margin, subsequent lines indented.(see 6.17.2)

Example 3:JOURNAL, 3 authors or more

Folke, C., Carpenter, S., Elmqvist, T., Gunderson, L., Holling, C.S., and Walker, B. 2002. Resilience and Sustainable Development: Building Adaptaive Capacity in a World of Transformations. AMBIO: A Journal of the Human Environment, 31 (5): 437-440.

  • ① 1st Author’s last name [ , ] [ space ] 1st Author’s first name initial + middle name(s) initial [ . ] [ , ] [ space ] 2nd Author’s last name [ , ] [ space ] 2nd Author’s first name initial + middle initial(s) [ . ] [ , ] [ space ] … repeat pattern until last author. Use “and” before the last name.
  • ② year of publication [ . ] [ space ]
  • ③ title of article [ . ] [ space ]
  • ④ title of journal in italics [ , ] [ space ]
  • ⑤ volume number [ space ]
  • ⑥ issue number in parentheses [ ( # ) ] [ : ] [ space ]
  • ⑦ page numbers [ . ] *Avoid abbreviating page numbers.
unacceptable preferred
91-9
214-34
1930-36
91-99  
214-234  
1930-1936  

Be sure to use hanging indentation: 1st line flush left with the margin, subsequent lines indented.(see 6.17.2)

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5.2.2 BOOKS

Example 4:BOOK, 1 author

Glasman-Deal, Hilary. 2010. Science Research Writing for Non-Native Speakers of English. London: Imperial College Press.

  • ① author’s last name [ , ] [ space ] first name [ . ] [ space ]
  • ② year of publication [ . ] [ space ]
  • ③ title of book in italics [ . ] [ space ]
  • ④ city of publication (world famous cities do not require country name) [ : ] [ space ]
  • ⑤ name of publisher [ . ]

Be sure to use hanging indentation: 1st line flush left with the margin, subsequent lines indented.(see 6.17.2)

Example 5:BOOK, 2 authors

Gotelli, Nicholas J. and Aaron M. Ellison. 2004. A Primer for Ecological Statistics. Sunderlund, MA: Sinauer Associates, Inc.

  • ①1st Author’s last name [ , ] [ space ] 1st Author’s first name [ space ] + middle initial [ .] [ space ] and 2nd Author’s first name [ space ] 2nd Author’s middle initial(s) [ . ] [ space ] + last name [ . ] [ space ]
  • ②year of publication [ . ] [ space ]
  • ③title of book in italics [ . ] [ space ]
  • ④city of publication (cities not well known require an additional state/province or country that is well known) [ : ] [ space ]
  • ⑤name of publisher [ . ]

Be sure to use hanging indentation: 1st line flush left with the margin, subsequent lines indented.(see 6.17.2)

Example 6:BOOK, more than 2 authors

Carrell, Michael R., Norbert F. Elbert, and Robert D. Hatfield. 1995. Human Resource Management: Global Strategies for Managing a Diverse Workforce. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.

  • ① 1st Author’s last name [ , ] [ space ] 1st Author’s first name [ space ] + middle initial(s) [ . ] [ , ] [ space ] 2nd Author’s first name [ space ] + 2nd Author’s middle initial(s) [ . ] [ space ] last name [ , ] [ space ] and 3rd Author’s first name [ space ] 3rd Author’s middle initial(s) [ . ] + last name [ . ] [ space ]. … repeat pattern until last author. Use “and” before the last name
  • ① year of publication [ . ] [ space ]
  • ② title of book in italics [ . ] [ space ]
  • ③ city of publication (cities not well known require an additional state/province or country that is well known) [ : ] [ space ]
  • ④ name of publisher [ . ]

Be sure to use hanging indentation: 1st line flush left with the margin, subsequent lines indented.(see 6.17.2)

5.2.3 Foreign Language Publications

Imai, Kazuhiko. 2010. Shiinia Kyoju no Keifu to sono Mirai [Genealogy and Future of Residence for Elderly People]. Tokyo: Kashima.

  • ① author’s last name [ , ] Author’s first name + middle initial [ . ]
  • ② year of publication [ . ]
  • ③ title of book in italics. The title of the foreign language book must be romanized in a way that approximates the flow of the original language.
  • ④ add a best-translation title in brackets [ translated title in English ] [ . ]
  • ⑤ city of publication (not well known cities require an additional state/province or country that is well known) [ : ] [ space ]
  • ⑥ name of publisher [ . ]
Original Japanese: 「シニア居住の系譜とその未来」
romanized version 1: Shinia Kyoju no Keifu to Sono Mirai   (title case style)
romanized version 2: Shinia Kyoju no keifu to sono mirai (sentence title case style)
translated title: Genealogy and Future of Residence for Elderly People

Whichever romanized style you choose, ensure that you apply it consistently!

5.2.4 Other Cited Reference Variations

There are a number of anomalies concerning Cited Reference styles, too long to list here. Always check a style manual for the proper convention.The Thesis Manual does not address all questions related to style and format for preparing a thesis or dissertation. For specific questions not answered herein, please consult one of the most popular style manuals unless your advisor specifically designates one:

1. Publication Manual of the APA
2. Scientific Style and Format: the CBE Manual for Authors, Editors and Publishers
3. A Manual for Writers of Term Papers, Theses, and Dissertations (Turabian)

Whichever style reference you use, be sure to maintain a consistent style throughout your entire thesis or dissertation. When you plan on submitting an article to a journal in the future, but sure to check their website and review their style requirements. Usually this information can be found in the areas labeled “Contributors” or “Authors and Contributors”, “Instructions for Authors”, or perhaps “Submitting an Article”.

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5.3Appendices

In some theses it may be desirable to include certain additional reference materials, e.g., text forms, blank survey forms, detailed descriptions of apparatus, extensive tables of raw data, list of comments written in surveys by respondents, etc., which include information that is perhaps too detailed or too lengthy for the primary readership, but is still perhaps relevant to the secondary readership. Such materials should be included in the appendix that follows the Cited Literature section.

Margins and Pagination
Appendix information must have margins within the limits of the thesis text. Sheets larger than thesis size must be reduced to the required size by photocopying methods.

Appendix Numbering
All appendixes should use capital Roman letters to designate a specific appendix. Tables and figures in the appendixes must be numbered consecutively continuing the numbering in the text.

Titles
Any appendixes in a language other than English must romanized and accompanied with an English translation. Another option would be to merely include a full English
translation with the original language version. If you have more than one appendix, begin each appendix on a new page, and label each appendix with a capital letter (A, B, C, …). No capital letter designation is used with only one appendix.

Center and position the appendix name at the top of the page text area followed by two lines of space. Then, center the appendix tile using title case.see 6.6

multiple appendixes

APPENDIX A
Questionnaire Form for Satoyama Survey: Midori-ku, Yokohama

APPENDIX B
Questionnaire Form for Satoyama Survey: Tama City, Tokyo

APPENDIX C
History of Satoyama

single appendix

APPENDIX
Contour Map of the Kanto Plain

Capitalization/Case
The first appendix should be headed APPENDIX A, and continuing pages must be headed APPENDIX A (continued). The second appendix should be labeled APPENDIX B, and so. Center at the top of the page. Appendix designation (A, B, …) must be capital case; appendix titles must be title case.see 6.6

Appendix Numbering
Appendixes are paginated consecutively from the preceding pages; that is, the page number of Appendix A should therefore be the next number in sequence from the last page number of the Cited References section.

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