FORMAT AND ARRANGEMENT

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6.3  ACADEMIC INTEGRITY: SCHOLARLY REFERENCE AND PLAGIARISM

Students are responsible for acknowledging any business models, facts, ideas, or materials of others used in their own thesis. (see 6.28)

There are many ways to handle scholarly references, and preferred usage varies by field. In choosing an annotation or reference system, students should be guided by the practice of their discipline and the recommendations of their thesis advisor, department, or committee. In some fields, publishers of scholarly books or articles have established styles for various editorial details and may have issued a style manual to guide contributors. Students who plan eventual publication may find these guides helpful in setting a style for their advisors that will be appropriate for publication without extensive alteration (Style Manuals, 6.32).

If you include copyrighted material in your thesis that goes beyond the limits of “fair use”, you are responsible for obtaining written permission from the copyright holder. The Students Affairs Section has a standard form. The Graduate Program in Sustainability Science, the Graduate School of Frontier Sciences, and The University of Tokyo take no responsibility for any damages that may arise from copyright violations by a degree candidate.

The general guideline for scholarly reference and throughout your entire thesis, whatever the convention used, is consistency (see 6.7). Essential publication facts should be as complete as possible, but unnecessary details should be avoided. Follow the practices of your discipline; and most of all, be sure to follow the style recommended by your advisor.

GSFS Ethical Guidelines*

1.spirit of integrity
  • prevent bias or prejudice
  • prevent fabrication or falsification
  • prevent disregard of inconvenient data
  • prevent plagiarism

2.originality of research
  • lead to greater understanding of truths of nature
  • respect intellectual assets amassed by previous researchers

3.recordkeeping
  • maintain accurate and meticulous records to prove originality and objectivity
  • preserve data to validate your hypothesis and other claims
  • bear in mind that your findings will have to stand up to peer review

4.fair and honest disclosure
  • be aware of the responsibility to share new knowledge with society
  • uphold copyright laws regarding the work of others and cite properly

5.joint research
  • be aware that each individual has joint ethical responsibility also
  • observe and follow proper research ethics at all times

6.faculty responsibilities
  • provide a role model of the highest ethics and integrity
  • communicate proper research principles to students and researchers

7.laws and regulations
  • be aware of and follow country-specific laws
  • be aware of uphold international agreements
  • being ignorant of pertinent laws and regulations is no excuse

8.social research
  • is based on a firm agreement with a specific group in society
  • clarify the purpose of research
  • elucidate how your findings will be used
  • protect personal information of individuals and organizations

9.ethics and safety concerning medical and bioscience research on humans
  • protect human rights and safety
  • abide by relevant laws and guidelines
  • abide by the decisions of the University Ethics Committee
  • follow safety procedures
* In March 2012 the Graduate School of Frontier Sciences (GSFS) established a new ethics policy regarding research and scholarship that applies to all those in GSFS. Here is merely a short concise version of some of the main points. Be sure to obtain a copy of the newest official complete version.

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