FORMAT AND ARRANGEMENT

headlines

6.7  CONSISTENCY

6.7.1 Alignment

  • if the body of your text is set for flush left, ragged right alignment, then all of the text must be flush left, ragged right alignment
  • if you center MAJOR HEADINGS at the top of the page, then center all MAJOR HEADINGS at the top of the page
  • if you center tables and figures on the page, then center all tables and figures on their respective page
  • etc.

6.7.2 Capitalization/Case

  • if you use UPPERCASE for major headings, then use it for all major headings
  • if you use Title Case for A-level subheads, table and figure titles, then use it for all A-level subheads, tables, and figure titles
  • if you use Sentence case for B-level subheads, then use if for all B-level subheads
  • etc.

6.7.3 Font and Style

  • if you use 12 pt Times New Roman, then use it everywhere
  • if you use plain style for text content, then use it everywhere in the text
  • if you use italic for introducing new special terms, then do it consistently
  • if you use bold for A-level subheads, then do it consistently
  • if you use bold, underlined for A-level subheads, then do it consistently
  • if you use italic, underlined for B-level subheads, then do it consistently
  • if you use 10 pt. for table or figure notes, then use 10 pt. for all table or figure notes
  • if you italicize or underline foreign language words or terms, then always italicize or always underline such foreign language words or terms

Consistent font use is a must for a professional appearance. This includes page titles, heading, subheads, page numbers, etc.

6.7.4 Readability

  • if you prepare tables in digital form that are crisp and easy to read like the text itself, then all tables must be crisp and easy to read
  • if you prepare figures or other visual materials in digital form that are crisp and easy to read like the body of text itself, then all figures or visual materials must be crisp and easy to read

    (Usually when copying and pasting a figure, table, or whatever from a website—regardless of proper citation from another source—the readability is more often than not, degraded … which is unacceptable.)

  • A uniform typeface and uniform margins enhance readability.

6.7.5 Spacing

  • if you use 2.5 cm margins for your thesis, then every page must have 2.5 margins

    (All words, figures, tables, and the like must be “inside” the page margins)

  • if the title of major headings is on the 3rd line from the top margin, then all major headings should start on the 3rd line from the top margin
  • if you use 2 lines of space between the table title (above) and the table (below), then use 2 lines of space between all table titles and their respective tables
  • if you use 2 lines of space between the figure caption (below) and the figure (above), then use 2 lines of space between all figure captions and their respective figures
  • if you use single spacing for an individual entry in your Cited References section, then all individual entries must be single-spaced
  • if you use double spacing to separate individual entries in your Cited References section, then all individual entries must be separated by a double space
  • etc.

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