FORMAT AND ARRANGEMENT

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6.17  INDENTING

6.17.1 Paragraph indent  body text, abstract, footnotes

Indent the first line of every paragraph. Use a tab for indenting, and do not use the space bar. This will aid greatly in maintaining consistency. Set the first line indentation tab in your ruler bar to about 5 spaces. Remaining lines should be flush with the left margin. The style is also used with Footnotes/Endnotes. see 6.12

6.17.2 Hanging indent  cited references

Indent every line beginning with the second line of text. Use a hanging indent tab, and do not use the space bar. This will aid greatly in maintaining consistency. Set the lower hanging indent tab in your ruler bar to about 5 spaces. Remaining lines should be flush with the second line. The type of indent is used mostly in the Cited References section. see 5.2

6.17.3 Block quotations

Block quotations have no indenting. Avoid quoting text that is longer than one paragraph.Such long quotations are generally formatted into what looks like a “block” about the same amount of space from the left margin as a paragraph indent (6 mm) with extra spacebefore and after:

In discussing the key concepts of integrity, value-based development, and sustainability Sasaki (2010) specifically discusses the importance of stakeholders:

The specific issues that affect all stakeholders—particularly international communities—are local, national, and global in nature. The local issuesin the area are acute poverty and depletion of natural resources. Thenation is confronting such issues as lack of technology and capital,scarcity of human resources, and weak institutions. Finally, global issuesare climate change and deterioration of biodiversity. (p. 10)

All these problems result from the unbalanced relationships between mindsets andactivities of people, and the constantly changing natural resources. Thus,the orientation plan for the development must address this imbalance andpromote harmonious relationships between human activities and naturalassets, often labeled sustainability.

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